What Does a Sociologist Do?

Sociology is the study of how society affects people, and how people affect society. The dictionary defines sociology as “the systematic study of society and social interaction”. The word “sociology” comes from the Latin word socius (companion) and the Greek word logos (speech or reason), which when put together mean “reasoned speech about companionship”.

Sociologists use a variety of methods to study society and social behaviour. They examine groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions, and processes that people develop and apply these to the real world. Most sociologists work in research organizations, colleges and universities, regional and federal government, and consulting service firms. Educators, lawmakers, administrators, and social workers use sociological research to solve social problems and formulate public policy.